New York Camera Obscura

 

CAMERA OBSCURA

 

Long Island's camera obscura is located in its own building near the Marina at Mitchell Park on Front Street in Greenport. We are open by appointment only and weather permitting. For further information or an appointment please call 631-477-2200.

Admission $1.00

A camera obscura is a darkened room into which light enters through a small opening, projecting a live picture onto a screen. In a modern version, the view outside is reflected by a mirror through a lens, which projects it onto a viewing table. Looking down at the table one sees a living, two-dimensional image of the outside scene, in full color. The mirror can be rotated, so that, as it turns, one sees the view in all directions. The vibrant image promotes a feeling of serene detachment, reveals details otherwise overlooked, and enhances one's appreciation of the scenic beauty. Many viewers find the experience deeply moving, and almost all are fascinated by this magical new way of seeing.

Although images formed by pinholes were known to the ancients, the discovery of lenses in the 15th century made it possible to obtain a bright and clear picture. The camera obscura reached its height of popularity in the 18th & 19th centuries, both as an amusement and as a drawing aid for artists. Vermeer, Canaletto and Joshua Reynolds are known to have used one. During the 19th century, there were hundreds in existence, but with the invention of photography in 1839, camera obscuras slowly disappeared. In recent years, there has been a revival of interest.

Today there are approximately fifty public camera obscuras in the world, five of which are in the United States.

 

SOME HISTORY...

  • 5th C BC, Chinese philosopher Mo Ti records pinhole observations.
  • 4th C BC, Aristotle notes “camera obscura” projections through leaves of a tree during solar eclipse.
  • 11th C AD Arab scientist Alazen observes pinhole images to study properties of light.
  • 15th C Leonardo DaVinci experiments with camera obscura.
  • 16th C Giovanni Battista delia Porta popularizes the camera obscura.
  • 1606 First image of a portable camera obscura published.
  • 1631 Camera obscura used to observe transit of Mercury.
  • 17th C Vermeer uses camera obscura as drawing aid.
  • 18th C Cantaletto uses camera obscura for his paintings in Venice.
  • Early 19th C Camera obscura becomes popular as entertainment. Many are constructed, especially in the British Isles.
  • Late 19th C Invention of photography results in gradual disappearance of camera obscuras.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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